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Nutrition & Exercise Column
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Exercise and Nutrition for Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients

        Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder resulting from insulin resistance and leading to glucose intolerance. The disease is primarily a result of unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as a lack of activity and an unhealthy diet (1). T2DM is typically found in obese and overweight patients. Over eighty percent of T2DM patients are clinically obese due to the onset of unhealthy lifestyle factors (2). There are two main factors of diabetes: insulin insensitivity and glucose intolerance (1). Insulin insensitivity occurs when the insulin receptors on the peripheral cells do not respond to insulin effectively. Insulin is responsible for the transport of glucose from the blood into peripheral cells, primarily... (more)

When to Retire Running Shoes

     There is much debate in the running community about when the day has come to retire that loved pair of running shoes. Running shoes are important equipment in running, regardless of the runnerís fitness level, for shoes help enable proper running biomechanics. When a shoe becomes worn out and the cushioning degrades, running in the shoes can become harmful to the feet, ankle, knee and hip joints and to overall health. Though wear will vary for the terrain, mileage and regularity of runs, it is imperative to be conscious of the state and age of running shoes.      As running shoes deteriorate their stability and cushioning are impacted. A 2008 study by Wong, Candelaria, and Smith investigated if the... (more)